It is no longer a news that Diabetes and Obesity have been on the prowl. They are associated with the rising cases of kidney failures, erectile dysfunction, strokes, blindness, limb amputation and sudden death. But two new major scientific advances have provided solutions to the chronic diseases.
Until now, there was no cure for Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes (genetic/inherited) has been managed by injecting the patient with insulin, while Type 2 diabetes (caused largely by sedentary lifestyle and obesity) is being addressed with drugs and lifestyle changes such as increased physical activity and “dieting.”
Diabetes is usually a lifelong (chronic) disease in which there are high levels of sugar in the blood. It is associated with too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. But researchers from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Spain, led by Fàtima Bosch, have shown for the first time that it is possible to cure diabetes in large animals with a single session of gene therapy. According to the study published this week in Diabetes, the principal journal for research on the disease, after a single gene therapy session, the dogs recover their health and no longer show symptoms of the disease. In some cases, monitoring continued for over four years, with no recurrence of symptoms.